Royal Portraits Engravings of Kings & Queens of Great Britain. From the original paintings in the Royal Collection. Henry IV (1399-1413), earl of Derby, by name Henry Bolingbroke or Henry of Lancaster was King of England from 1399 to 1413. He gained the crown by usurpation and successfully consolidated his power in the face of repeated uprisings of powerful nobles. Picture: Bolingbroke receiving the Crown from Richard II.